9 Truth About HIV/AIDS
According to the latest data from the Centers for Disease, Control, and Prevention, approximately 36.7 million individuals are living with HIV around the globe. While there have been a number of advancements in the administration of their HIV virus through the years, unfortunately, a lot of misinformation still is different about exactly what this means to live with HIV.
We reached out a number of experts to get their opinions on the many glaring misconceptions people in America to have roughly HIV/AIDS. These pros treat people, educate medical students, and provide support to patients dealing with the disorder.
Myth #1: HIV can be a death sentence.
“With proper therapy, we finally expect individuals who have HIV to live a typical life span,” says Dr., national manager of HIV/AIDS to get. He also works on the HIV Commission and also on the advisory group of AIDS-Free.
Myth #2: You could tell if somebody has HIV/AIDS by looking at them.
If an individual contracts the HIV virus, the indicators have been largely unremarkable. Someone who has an HIV illness may possibly display symptoms which can be very similar to any other type of infection, such as a fever, fatigue, or general malaise. A person with HIV who receives antiretroviral treatment is relatively healthy and is no different compared to others that have chronic health problems.
The stereotypical symptoms that people usually associate with HIV are now symptoms of complications that could arise out of AIDS-related complications or ailments. Yet, with decent antiretroviral therapy and medications, those symptoms will not be present within a single living with HIV.
Myth #3: Straight people need not be worried about HIV disease.
It’s a fact that HIV is more prevalent in men who additionally provide male sexual partners. Gay and bisexual young African-Americans have the greatest rates of HIV transmission.
“we all know that the maximum risk group is men that have sex with men,” says Dr. This group accounts for about 70 percent of new HIV cases within the USA, according to the CDC.
But, heterosexuals accounted for 24 percent of new HIV infections in 2016, and roughly two-thirds of them were women.
Though the rates of African-American homosexual and bisexual men living with HIV has stayed relatively the exact same as the United States, overall rates of new HIV cases have diminished because of 2008 by 18 percent. Diagnoses one of the heterosexual individuals, in general, decreased by 36 percent and decreased among women by 16 percent.
African-Americans face a greater chance of HIV transmission than every other race, regardless of their sexual orientation. In accordance with the CDC, the amount of HIV diagnoses for black men is almost eight times more than white guys and even higher for black women; the rate is 16 times higher in black women than white women, and 5 times more than Hispanic females. At the time of 2015, 59% of women living with HIV within the USA were African-American, whereas 19% were Hispanic/Latina, and 17% have been white.
Myth #4: HIV-positive folks can’t safely have kids.
The most significant thing that a woman coping with HIV may perform when preparing for pregnancy would be really to work with her healthcare provider to begin ART treatment after possible. Because treatment for HIV has advanced so much, if a woman takes her HIV medicine daily as recommended by a physician throughout her whole pregnancy (such as labor and delivery), also continues medicine on her baby for 4 to 6 weeks after arrival, the risk of transmitting HIV to your baby can be only 1 percent or less.
There are also ways for a mum with HIV to reduce the chance of transmission at the function the HIV viral load is significantly higher than desired, like selecting a C-section or bottle feeding with formula after birth.
Girls who are HIV negative but want to conceive with a male partner who carries the HIV virus might also have the ability to take special medication to reduce the probability of transmission to both these and their own babies. For men that have HIV and are carrying their ART medication, the risk of transmitting is virtually zero if the viral load is undetectable.
Myth # 5: HIV consistently results in AIDS.
HIV is the infection that causes AIDS. But this doesn’t indicate all HIV positive individuals will grow AIDS. AIDS is a syndrome of immune deficiency that is the end result of HIV attacking the immune system with time and is connected with the diminished immune answer and opportunistic ailments. AIDS is prevented with early treatment of HIV infection.
“With current treatments, levels of HIV illness may be controlled also maintained low, sustaining a healthy immune system for a long time and so preventing sinus illnesses and also a diagnosis of AIDS,” explains Dr., professor of public health at University.
Myth # 6: With all of the modern treatments, HIV is no huge thing.
Though there are a whole lot of health care advancements in the treatment of HIV, herpes can lead to complications, and the risk of death continues to be significant for many groups of folks.
The chance of acquiring HIV and the way it affects a person fluctuates based on age, gender, sexuality, lifestyle, and treatment. The CDC includes a Risk Discount tool which could enable someone to estimates their personal risk and takes steps to protect themselves.
Myth #7: When I take PrEP, I don’t have to use a condom.
According to Dr. recent analysis followed people using PrEP for just two and a half a year, also found it was mostly good at preventing HIV infections, again if obtained daily.
However, it doesn’t protect against other sexually transmitted diseases or illnesses.
“PrEP is recommended to be used in combination with safer sex methods, as our analysis also demonstrated that half the patients participating were diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection after 12 months,”.
Myth #8: People who test negative for HIV could have unprotected sexual activity.
In case a person was recently diagnosed with HIV, maybe it doesn’t appear within an HIV evaluation until up to three weeks later.
“Traditionally used antibody-only tests work by detecting the presence of antibodies within the torso that develops when HIV infects your human body,” explains Dr., senior manager of infectious diseases using Abbott Diagnostics. Depending on the evaluation, HIV positivity can be discovered after a couple of weeks or up to three weeks after potential exposure. Ask the individual performing the test concerning the window span and the timing of replicate testing.
Folks should take another HIV test three weeks after they are first, to confirm a bad reading. Should they truly are having regular sex, the San Francisco AIDS Foundation suggests becoming analyzed every three weeks. It’s crucial for an individual to discuss their sexual history using their partner, and to converse to a healthcare provider about whether their partner would be good applicants for PrEP.
Other evaluations, called HIV combo evaluations, can detect the virus earlier.
Myth #9: Should both spouses have HIV, there isn’t any cause behind a condom.
Studies have revealed that a person living with HIV who is on regular antiretroviral therapy that reduces the herpes virus to undetectable levels in the blood is unable to transmit HIV to a partner during sex. The current medical consensus is that”Undetectable = Untransmittable.”
However, the CDC urges that even if both spouses have HIV, they should use condoms during every sexual encounter. In some cases, it’s likely to transmit another breed of HIV to a partner, or even in some rare situations, transmit a type of HIV that’s considered a”superinfection” out of the strain that is resistant to current ART medications.
The probability of a Super Infection out of HIV is extremely infrequent; the CDC estimates that the risk is between 1 and 4 percent.
While there’s regrettably no cure for HIV/AIDS, people who have HIV can live long, productive lives using early detection and decent antiretroviral therapy.
“Though the present antiretroviral therapies might be quite effective for keeping HIV at low degrees and preventing it from copying and destroying the immune system for a long time, there’s absolutely no cure for AIDS or disease against HIV, the virus which causes AIDS,”.
In precisely the same time, the present thinking is when an individual could maintain viral suppression, then HIV won’t advance and can thus not destroy the immune system. There are statistics that support a slightly shortened life span for people with viral suppression compared with people without HIV.
Although the range of new HIV cases has plateaued, according to the CDC, there are still approximately 50,000 new cases every year from the United States alone.
Exactly what exactly does this mean? HIV and AIDS are still very much top general health concerns. Susceptible people should be achieved for treatment and testing. Despite progress in analyzing and also the access to medications like PrEP, now’s no time to let down the shield.
- In line with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
- Every year, 50,000 more Americans are diagnosed with HIV.
- AIDS, which is brought on by HIV, kills 14,000 Americans every year.