8 Signs and Symptoms of Potassium Deficiency (Hypokalemia)
Potassium is an essential nutrient which has many parts in your physique. It helps regulate muscle contractions and keep healthy nerve function and regulate fluid balance.
But a federal survey found that approximately 98% of Americans are not meeting the recommended fructose ingestion. A Western diet is Very Likely to attribute since it favors processed foods over entire plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes and nuts
That said low-potassium diet is infrequently the reason for phosphorus deficiency or hypokalemia.
Deficiency is characterized by a blood glucose level below 3.5 mmol per liter
Rather, it occurs once your body loses plenty of fluid. Frequent causes include chronic nausea, nausea, excessive perspiration, and blood reduction
Below are 8 symptoms and signs of potassium deficiency.
1. Weakness and Fatigue
Weakness and fatigue are often the first signs of nutrient deficiency.
There are many ways that this mineral deficiency can lead to fatigue and weakness.
Firstly, potassium helps regulate muscle contractions. If blood potassium levels are low, your muscles produce weaker contractions
Deficiency within this mineral can also affect how the body uses nutrition, resulting in fatigue.
For Instance, some evidence shows that a lack could inhibit insulin production, resulting in elevated blood glucose levels
2. Muscle Cramps and Spasms
They could happen when potassium levels are reduced from the blood
In muscle cells, potassium helps isolate signals from the brain that stimulate contractions. In Addition, it helps finish those contractions by moving from the muscle tissues
If blood sugar levels are low, your brain can’t relay these signals as efficiently. This results in more prolonged contractions, such as muscular cramps.
3. Cosmetic Issues
Digestive problems have many causes, one which can be a nutrient deficiency.
Insulin helps relay signals from the brain to muscles located from the gastrointestinal system. These signs stimulate contractions that assist the digestive tract system churn and propel food therefore that it could be pumped
When blood glucose levels are low, the brain cannot relay signals as effortlessly.
Thus, contractions in the gastrointestinal tract may become weaker and slow the movement of food. This Could Cause gastrointestinal problems such as constipation and bloat
In addition, a few studies have implied that a severe deficiency may cause the gut to become fully paralyzed
However, other studies found that the connection between potassium deficiency and a paralyzed gut Isn’t completely clear
4. Heart Palpitations
Have you noticed your heart unexpectedly beating harder, faster or skipping a beat?
This atmosphere is popularly called a hub palpitation and it is often connected to stress or anxiety. But, heart palpitations are also a Indication of potassium deficiency
This is because the stream of potassium and out of heart cells helps regulate your pulse. Low blood potassium levels can alter blood circulation, resulting in heart palpitations
Additionally, heart palpitations may possibly be an indication of arrhythmia or an irregular heartbeat, that can be linked to potassium deficiency. Unlike palpitations, arrhythmia has been linked to acute heart conditions
5. Muscle Aches and Stiffness
Muscle stiffness and aches may also be a sign of a serious potassium lack
These symptoms may indicate accelerated muscle breakdown, and also known as rhabdomyolysis.
Blood levels of potassium help regulate blood flow to muscle tissue. When levels are seriously reduced, your blood vessels may contract and also limit blood flow to your muscles
What this means is muscle tissues receive oxygen, which might lead them to melt and leak.
This also Leads to rhabdomyolysis, which is accompanied by symptoms including muscle stiffness and pains
6. Tingling and Numbness
That can be known as paresthesia and generally happens from the hands, arms, legs and toes
Potassium is important for healthy nerve function. Low blood levels of potassium can weaken nerve signs, which may result in numbness and tingling.
While occasionally experiencing these symptoms is benign, long-term tingles and numbness may be an indication of an underlying condition. If you have continuous paresthesia, it’s best to see your physician.
7. Breathing Difficulties
That is only because potassium assists relay signs that excite the lungs to contract and expand
If blood sugar levels are severely low, your lungs may not expand and contract properly.
Also, low blood glucose will cause you to be short of breath, as it can cause the heart to beat abnormally. This means less blood is pumped from the heart to the rest of your entire body
Blood delivers oxygen into your system, therefore a modified the flow of blood can lead to shortness of breath.
Additionally, a serious potassium deficiency may prevent the lungs from working, which can be fatal
8. Mood Changes
Potassium deficiency has been linked to mood fluctuations and emotional fatigue.
Low blood potassium amounts can interrupt the signals that help maintain optimal brain functioning
As an Example, a study found that 20% of patients with emotional illnesses had a potassium deficiency
Having said that, there’s limited evidence in the region of potassium deficiencies and mood. More research is required prior to making any tips.
Sources of Allergic
The very best way to raise your potassium intake is by eating more potassium-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nuts.
This is a list of foods that are excellent sources of potassium, along with the percentage of those RDI seen in a 100-gram serving
- Beet greens cooked: 26 percent of the RDI
- Yams, roasted: 19 percent of the RDI
- White beans cooked: 18 percent of the RDI
- Clams cooked: 18 percent of the RDI
- White potatoes, roasted: 16 percent of the RDI
- Sweet potatoes, roasted: 14 percent of the RDI
- Avocado: 14 percent of the RDI
- Bananas: 10% of the RDI
If You Require Potassium Supplements?
Over-the-counter potassium supplements aren’t advised.
In the US, food governments limit potassium in over-the-counter supplements to merely 99 mg. In comparison, a medium banana Includes 422 mg of potassium
This limit is likely low because researchers has shown that high-dose potassium supplements can damage the gut or lead to an abnormal heartbeat, which will be fatal
Holding too much potassium can lead to excess amounts of it to buildup in the bloodstream, a condition known as hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia may Lead to arrhythmia, or an irregular heartbeat, which can cause serious heart conditions
Having said that, it’s fine to take a higher-dose potassium supplement if your doctor prescribes it.
The Bottom Line
Very few men and women meet the suggested potassium intake.
However, a very low potassium intake is infrequently the reason for a deficiency. Deficiency typically occurs when the body eliminates a lot of fluid.
Common symptoms and signs of potassium deficiency include fatigue and weakness, muscle cramps, muscular stiffness and aches, tingles and disturbance, heart palpitations, breathing difficulties, gastrointestinal disorders, and mood changes.
If you think you are deficient, make sure you go to your doctor, as potassium deficiency can have serious health consequences.
Luckily, you can increase your blood cholesterol amounts simply by consuming more potassium-rich foods like beet greens, yams, white beans, clams, white potatoes, sweet potatoes, avocado, pinto beans, and carrots.